The best treatment for osteoporosis is prevention. An adequate calcium intake and physical activity during adolescence and youth, can increase the peak bone mass, thus reducing bone loss and reduce fracture risk in the later years. adequate intake of calcium and vitamins during maturation is important for bone health.
In situations early menopause, women should take estrogen to prevent postmenopausal bone loss, is to add a progestin if the uterus is still intact. estrogen replacement is effective treatment to prevent postmenopausal bone loss and fractures are also effective in preventing osteoporosis. Hormone replacement therapy requires close monitoring and patient selection gynecological care.
Post-menopausal women with low bone mass or osteoporosis and has set a contraindication for hormone replacement therapy, bisphosphonates (alendronate or etidronate) and calcitonin is an effective drug to prevent bone loss.
Walking and spinal extension exercises can stabilize or even slightly increase bone mass and improve balance and muscle strength, prevent falls and fractures.
Vertebral fracture should be treated initially with rest, analgesics, lumbostato and rehabilitation. Other possible treatments are under study include vitamin D, fluoride and parathyroid hormone.
Rheumatologist Role in Improving Osteoporosis
As a specialist trained to assess rheumatic disease, osteoporosis Rheumatologists can differentiate disease that causes bones to lose and set and monitor treatment programs. Rheumatologists are agents active in educating other physicians and the general public about serious health problems.