1 in every 150 children is diagnosed with some form of autism, with it being found 4 times more often in boys than it is in girls. Children with autism will often not think like those without the disorder, and can often struggle to manage emotions and form relationships with other children. Most cases of autism will be diagnosed before the age of three through some type of repetitive or ritual behaviour. Verbal and non-verbal communication can also be impaired, with some children refusing to speak at all. Infants often reject any physical forms of contact and might remain aloof when reaching their toddler years.
Autism treatment can vary significantly due to their being no cure and a wide spectrum of severity. People with milder cases can live independently, but more severe cases may call for the individual to require lifelong support and care.
Important Aspects of Autism:
Effective tackling of autism requires early recognition and diagnosis of the problem with quick intervention, spotting difficulties with things like language, social skills and behaviour.
• Language – children with autism may struggle with speech development, often repeating the same words or phrase and may sometimes use an abnormal and inappropriate tone of voice. They may also struggle to hold a normal conversation.
• Social Skills – autistic children may struggle to develop empathy or sympathy with other individuals. They may also have a short attention span and refuse to make eye contact.
• Behaviours – many children with autism may have a tendency to exhibit repetitive movements and rituals. Some can get upset with changes in routine and may repetitively bang their heads. Some children can become sensitive to particular lights and sounds.
Whilst symptoms can significantly vary, these behavioural traits are common in individuals with autism. The appropriate level of case is directly related to the symptoms exhibited by the child. Behavioural and developmental therapies might include speech and language, occupational/sensory integration and social development.
Understanding and identifying the symptoms of autism will help parents get their child the appropriate treatment and educational programs early enough to counter the disorder so the child can interact better in social situations. Those with autism can often display an outstanding skill in areas such as music and art, showing genius ability in certain areas whilst finding social interaction uncomfortable.
Another reason for understanding the symptoms of autism is that there could be underlying neurological or psychiatric problems, such as seizures. If not diagnosed, autistic children may not receive the care, treatment or medication. Early intervention can pinpoint a diagnosis that will ensure the proper medication, education and support are given.
Autism care can include medication to treat mood changes and hyperactive behaviour, as well as serious neurological problems such as seizures. Nutritional and vitamin therapies are also available that have shown improvement in children with autism.