The goal of treating hypertension is to maintain systolic blood pressure (the top number) below 140 and diastolic pressure (the minimum) below 90. There are three pillars in treatment:
1. Modify other cardiovascular risk factors:
Quitting smoking, maintaining or recovering weight for each person, control cholesterol and triglyceride levels, achieve glycemic control in diabetics, etc..
2. Changing lifestyles:
Adopting healthy lifestyle habits is recommended to prevent the onset of hypertension and is essential in people with hypertension. Regular exercise, such as walking 30 minutes a day, five days a week is very beneficial and helps to lower blood pressure. Reduce the amount of salt added in food also helps prevent hypertension and its control when you are hypertensive.
There are a number of effective medications to lower blood pressure. They should always be specified and regulated by your personal physician, as treatment must be adjusted to each person. Antihypertensive therapy should not be stopped, modify or suspend if not for directed by your doctor.