Hypercholesterolemia can be prevented with a balanced diet without saturated fats or trans, which are those that raise levels of LDL, triglycerides and cholesterol.
A healthy and balanced diet consists of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts and seeds, legumes, fish, poultry, lean red meat and low-fat dairy. Ideally, animal fats mostly come from fish that favor the “good” cholesterol (sardines, mackerel, salmon, tuna). Healthy vegetable fats found in olive oils, sunflower and soybean.
Some plant foods high in fat, such as avocado and nuts, especially walnuts, are also healthy. However, because of its high calorie content, you should limit your intake. Moderate aerobic exercise (walking, jogging, swimming, biking), for a minimum of 150 minutes per week, reduces LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and increases HDL cholesterol. Once diagnosed dyslipidemia, and if diet and exercise fail to correct themselves, your personal physician may indicate drug treatment. The cholesterol-lowering drugs are safe and effective.
Something more about the dyslipidemia
High cholesterol has no symptoms. The only way to know if elevated is through blood tests. It does not heal by itself. High cholesterol remains in these values unless you do what is necessary to decrease steadily over time. The same happens with triglycerides.
Physical activity, a healthy diet and a healthy weight can prevent and reduce high cholesterol.
People who are overweight or obese are more likely to have high cholesterol, but anyone can get it, including those that are thin and even children. Some people can have high cholesterol due to certain genetic characteristics.
Any excess calories from food that is not used immediately is converted into triglycerides by the liver, to deposit in adipose tissue and a reserve of energy.
Obesity, diabetes, hypothyroidism, certain medications, certain hereditary conditions and excessive alcohol consumption, among other factors, may cause a high level of triglycerides in the blood. Although not necessarily be associated with elevated cholesterol, triglycerides increase by itself is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.