Preventing Cardiovascular and Metabolic

What are cardiovascular risk factors?

A significant portion of the adult population suffers varying degrees of cardiovascular disease. Risk factors are conditions that may occur throughout life, adversely affecting the heart and blood vessels, damaging their structure and impairing its operation. Over time, can cause peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or heart attack. Although there are different genetic predispositions for this to occur, the risk factors usually related to unhealthy habits and other modifiable situations.

What are cardiovascular risk factors?

The major modifiable cardiovascular risk factors are:

  • OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY
  • SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE
  • POOR FEEDING
  • HYPERTENSION
  • SMOKING
  • DYSLIPIDEMIA
  • DIABETES

How harm risk factors?

Act through different mechanisms, damaging the walls of the arteries, hardening them and facilitating the deposition of substances that clog. This reduces the flow of oxygen to vital organs and weakens, leading, eventually, to a malfunction. Clots may also occur in blood vessels, blocking them and causing heart attacks in the heart or brain, where the blood stops circulating normally there.

High blood pressure damages arteries especially the most vital and delicate organs: heart, kidneys, brain, retina (eye). It also forces the heart to work permanent additional work also cause long or medium term, a failure in its function. This means that no longer is able to pump blood strongly enough.

Cardiovascular risk factors mentioned, rarely act alone: ​​smoking and a diet too rich in fats, refined sugars and sodium, along with a sedentary lifestyle can cause hypertension, dyslipidemia, overweight and obesity, and these last two favor the occurrence of diabetes.

How to tell if any of these factors is affecting you?

Risk factors act without being perceived quietly for years. They manifest late, by its consequences. When it reaches this point, the damage is done and although there are treatments, health and quality of life have deteriorated. The time and the extent to which each of the risk factors actually affect a particular person can not be predicted and varies in each case, but we can ensure that in the long term, all contributing factors.

What can be done to prevent damage?

There are effective ways to prevent the damage, both to prevent hazardous conditions arise as to modify them when they were installed. Can be detected early the presence of risk factors and take action to correct them through various resources, such as adopting healthy habits, weight loss, and medication use, among other measures. You, along with your personal physician, you can take an active role in modifying risk factors.