In addition to hereditary factors, poor diet and lack of physical activity, poor sleep may be at higher risk for developing diabetes. The dream of short or very long duration is contributing to the increase of this disease.
Currently managing a figure of 180 million diabetics worldwide is expected that by 2030 this figure will double.
Dr. James Gangwisch of Columbia University for 10 years, the relationship between sleep duration and diabetes diagnosis and the results indicate that individuals who reported sleeping 5 or fewer hours, and those who reported sleeping 9 or more hours were significantly more likely to develop diabetes than people who slept 7 hours.
Experimental studies have shown that sleep deprivation reduces glucose tolerance and compromise insulin sensitivity by increasing the sympathetic nervous system activity, nocturnal levels of the hormone cortisol, and also reduce the use of cerebral glucose.
“If short sleep duration increases insulin resistance and reduced glucose tolerance, interventions to improve both the quantity and quality of sleep could be potential treatments and primary prevention for diabetes, “said Dr. Gangwisch.
On average, most adults need to sleep every night between 7 and 8 hours to feel alert and well rested. For adolescents, the number of hours of sleep should be 9 hours, and in the school-age children, ages 10 and 11 hours of preschool age.