Tooth decay is caused by bacteria interacting with food particles left on the tooth surface.The bacteria feed on sugars in food and produce acids. These acids and bacteria combine to form a sticky substance called plaque. Plaque sticks to teeth and gives a chance to eat fatty tooth enamel, eventually causing tooth decay.
This process is reversible in the early stages through intake of calcium, phosphate and fluoride
The measures that help prevent and stop tooth decay include:
* Proper dental hygiene, including: or brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste after meals or at least twice a day or flossing your teeth and gums daily. Bacteria living between the teeth can only be removed with floss or interdental cleaners. Or regular dental checkups and teeth cleaning
* Limiting the amount of sugar and carbohydrates you eat and drink, including:Honey,Sodas,Sweet Cakes,Cookies, Other sweets.
* Rinse your mouth with water after eating sugars
* Replace your toothbrush every 3 to 4 months
* Avoid drinks containing sugar (including fruit juices), especially in baby bottles, and careful brushing can help prevent childhood tooth decay
Talk to your dentist about the use of a sealant, a protective plastic covering that is applied to the chewing surfaces of teeth. This is the location where initial tooth decay begins. The sealer usually takes 5 to 10 years.
Prevention is particularly important for children, especially after emerging permanent teeth. Supplemental fluoride in early childhood (with dose adjustment for the amount of natural or added fluoride in local water supplies) can prevent early caries. Fluoride can also be applied to permanent teeth as a “paint” long-acting, but usually requires revarnishing at least twice a year