Carbohydrate Synthesis

Macronutrients are carbohydrates important for the development of life and health maintenance. They are the main molecule that provides energy for the body and therein lies the importance of consumption. To understand more about carbohydrates is important to know how to synthesize and how metabolism.

Carbohydrates should be part of the diet. Although there are two main groups of carbohydrates (simple sugars and complex sugars), they undergo the process of synthesis and metabolism.

Carbohydrate synthesis is done through two processes:


* Gluconeogenesis: The process by which glucose from other carbohydrates such as glycerol, fatty acids and lactic acid.
* Glycogenesis: The process by which glucose is derived from the degradation of other sugars such as lactose and sucrose. This process is stimulated by insulin.
* Glycognolysies: The process by which liver glycogen is derived to obtain and use glucose for energy.
* Glycogenesis: Happened in the liver and the formation of glycogen as an energy reserve, which can be used by the muscles and organs if necessary.

Carbohydrate metabolism

* This process begins in the mouth, saliva acts which break down starch.
* He then goes to the stomach, where hydrochloric acid digestion blessings continue.
* He then moved to the small intestine where they act as enzymes amylase and maltase. These enzymes convert complex carbohydrates into simple, such as glucose, fructose and galactose.

From there, a simple sugar into the bloodstream for use as fuel. They are not oxidized molecules are stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen.

This explains both the synthesis and metabolism of carbohydrates in the body. This information is useful to understand the different processes that our bodies need to achieve to obtain and use energy.