The osteoporosis prevention plays an important role when considering this disease, the correction of risk factors and changing hygienic habits – diet, are the cornerstones to consider.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become more porous, thin and fragile, therefore the mechanical strength of the forces and tensions that supports daily, is much smaller, increasing the risk of fractures. The disease affects one in five women over forty-five, and four out of ten of more than seventy-five. Thus conditions a social and health problem as it is the main cause of bone fractures in women after menopause and the elderly.
But why bones become porous and fragile?, Because you lose bone mass (protein and minerals, mainly calcium). How can you lose?, Bone is constantly remodeling processes: bone mass is constantly formed and reabsorbed. From thirty-five years old or so, (the age of peak bone mass accumulation), begins to have normal bone loss in small quantities by the rest of life, if to this we add factors that accelerate these losses, the process accelerates.
The symptoms by which the disease manifests itself is the appearance of fractures that cause pain, the areas mainly affected are the wrists, vertebrae and hip. Vertebral fracture, usually occurs with minimal effort or minor trauma, severe pain occurs in the area with limitation of movements.
What are the factors promoting the development of osteoporosis?
More likely to engender is associated with a history of family illness, premature or surgical menopause, alcohol or caffeine, smoking, periods of amenorrhea, medications (such as: intake of steroids for prolonged periods), concomitant diseases (such as thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, intestinal absorption of calcium deficient, and others), a diet low in calcium for prolonged periods, the sedentary life and the elderly.
Osteoporosis: Risk Factors and Prevention
“Osteoporosis affects one in every five women over 45 years, and four out of ten of more than 75 years”
Prevention is done by correcting the risk factors and hygiene measures – adequate diet. Today, we have analysis and radiological studies, applied to the patient, can identify those who are undergoing rapid and accelerated bone loss, and institute treatment as quickly as possible.
The first procedure to prevent osteoporosis is to achieve all the requirements necessary to achieve good peak bone mass at skeletal maturity is reached, about thirty-five years. To this end, during adolescence and youth, the recommended adequate intake of calcium with food or vitamin supplements, adequate physical exercise, elimination of snuff and alcohol. Thus, if bone maturity in the reservoir of calcium is insufficient, despite the loss that will start from this age lack of form will be noticed much later.
Vitamin D is essential for regulating calcium metabolism. Sun exposure of 30 minutes a day is enough to stimulate production in the body of adequate amounts of vitamin D, and if this is not possible should use pharmacological preparations containing it.
Furthermore, after menopause, the abrupt decrease in the production of hormones, primarily estrogen accelerates the metabolism of calcium loss in the same, hence this group of women are advised to increase calcium intake. Foods that contain calcium and are more useful in these cases are the milk and dairy products, especially cheese, in case of intolerance to dairy products may be indicated to replace them with calcium salts. In some cases, medication is necessary estrogen.
Regarding the recommended physical activity is enough to walk 30 to 60 minutes, 3 to 4 times a week in an orderly and continuous. And as for the harmful elements to the disease should be removed toxins such as alcohol and snuff.
In summary, osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and they break easily. From the medical specialist to help identify patients with risk factors, determine the strategy for correcting them and hygienic measures – diet appropriate to each case.