Diagnosis of BPH
The doctor asks about Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia symptoms, and then make the following assessments:
1. Digital rectal exam. The doctor inserts his finger into the rectum to assess the size and characteristics of the prostate.
2. Urine tests. To look for blood or signs of infection.
3. Physical examination. To determine whether other changes that cause the problem.
4. Measurement of prostate specific antigen (PSA). It is a test that measures the level of this antigen in the blood, in cases of this cancer rises, but not all people with high levels of this antigen have cancer.
5. Imaging. IVP to evaluate the entire urinary and rectal ultrasound to assess the characteristics of the prostate.
6. Pressure studies of urine flow. These are special devices that measure the rate at which urine flows.
7. Cystoscopy. This inserts a small tube with a camera into the bladder through the urethra to see the conditions of the prostate.
Treatment of BPH
Within a few treatment options doctors advise not to do any procedure when symptoms are not very serious, but requires regular and ongoing evaluation to determine if the prostate grows. There are also some medications that help relax the muscles of the prostate. Another option is non-surgical procedures to remove parts of the prostate by administering small strokes in certain areas of the gland (transurethral microwave thermotherapy and transurethral needle ablation). Surgical treatments are to remove a fragment of the prostate, the most common is the transurethral resection.