The Mediterranean diet continues earned credentials with another study showing that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and olive oil can reduce the risk of a heart attack.
Researchers in Canada have studied the impact of regimes custom fitness and a Mediterranean-type diet with volunteers with risk factors for pre-clinical cardiovascular disease.
Almost one third of total deaths (16.7 million) arising from various forms of cardiovascular disease can be prevented through actions linked against the primary risk factors: unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and snuff.
Scientists at the University of Western (Ontario) found that some “structural and functional measures” of the risk of heart disease may improve after only two months of following a Mediterranean diet and exercise program.
The Mediterranean diet is generally defined by its wealth of fruit and vegetables, fish, low in meat and dairy products with a high ratio of monounsaturated fatty acids in relation to polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Research: Results of the Mediterranean diet
The researchers note that while a large number of studies have examined the effects of diet and exercise in heart disease, the latter study prescribed custom programs and diets to participants in a family environment, not in a laboratory or hospital.
Canadian scientists took 38 patients with normal blood pressure and with a mean age of 53.3 years. They found that participants 22 women and 16 men lost weight and improved their exercise capacity during the program. We were surprised to see that weight reduction with the Mediterranean diet, “said one researcher. Blood pressure did not change significantly. Techniques performed measurements show significant improvements in the health of the heart and arteries.
The research reaffirms the capacity of antioxidants linked to the Mediterranean diet (tomato, carrot, olive oil, …), not only good for cardiovascular health but for certain types of cancer.